Baboons spiders (Theraphosidae, also known as tarantulas) are a subspecies of tarantulas. They come from South Africa. The name of the spider comes from the similarity of the end of the legs of the spider and the fingers of the baboon. If the spider sees danger, it stands on its hind legs, raises the front and opens its fangs.
- 1 Description of the baboon spider. Below are some signs.
- Build and size: up to 20 cm in length, has large fangs.
- Toxicity: poisonous
- Habitat and habitat: Africa
- Nutrition: eats a variety of foods, including insects, ants, beetles, cockroaches, grasshoppers, spiders, reptiles, lizards and frogs.
Method 1 Recognizing a Baboon Spider
These spiders are recognized by giants in comparison with their counterparts. Therefore, if you come across such a spider, you can easily recognize it by size (up to 20 cm).
- 1 Pay attention to the shell. On it you can see bright stripes.
- 2 Hairiness. Baboons spiders are very hairy, the hairline is more plentiful than other spiders.
- 3 color. Most baboons are black, but spiders of other colors are sometimes found. The color of the baboon spider varies from shades of brown, gray, yellow to black.
- 4 Pay attention to the size of the fangs. The spider's fangs reach a length of 6 mm.
Method 2 Habitat of Baboons Spiders
These spiders live in the earth. With the help of strong fangs and pedipalps, they create holes. Baboons spiders are also found in the savannah, in meadows and pastures. In arid regions, they try to dig burrows deeper to protect themselves from heat.
- 1 In the daytime, find the entrance to the spider’s hole. At the entrance you can see a web, to which plants are sometimes intertwined. Most likely, you will not see this spider during the day, as it leads a nocturnal lifestyle. But if you watch him at night, then you may be lucky.
- 2 Observe the spider burrow at night. These spiders usually sit at the entrance and wait for the victim to approach. They attack the victim and drag it into the hole. If you're lucky, then you can see his eyes and front legs.
Method 3 Processing a Bite
A spider bite is very painful, causing burning pain at the site of the bite. The bite is not fatal, but a neurotoxic poison is released during the bite and the following symptoms are possible:
- 1 Within two hours after a bite, a person begins vomiting.
- 2 Possible signs of shock, a feeling of weakness, pallor.
- 3 Stay motionless, as a few hours after the bite, movement will be difficult.
- 4 If symptoms persist within six hours, seek medical attention.
External signs of a spider-baboon
The spider-baboon is large - 50-60 mm, and with the limbs -130-150 mm. The body of the spider is densely hairy, with hairs covering not only the abdomen, but the limbs. The color of the chitinous cover is diverse and differs in gray, brown, gray and black. A mottled pattern is visible on the upper body of the female spider-baboon: black small spots, dots and stripes are visible on a grayish-white background.
Depending on the time after molting, the color of the arachnid looks either bright white or dark gray. The stunning contrast of the color scheme creates the characteristic appearance of a spider - a baboon.
The color of the predator is adaptive. It serves as a magnificent camouflage against the gray-brown bark of trees in the African savannah, masking from birds. Young spiders and adult males are covered with a plain chitinous cover of a greenish-brown color.
Baboon Spider Spread
Baboon spider is common in Central and West Africa. It occurs in Benin, Togo, Ghana, Cameroon, Congo. Seen in southern Chad, in Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria.
The baboon spider reaches full size after about 3 years.
Baboon Spider Habitats
Baboons spiders live in tropical rainforests or wooded savannahs. This is a tree species of arachnids that settle in hollow trees, on bushes, palm trees, sometimes close to the surface of the earth. Adult baboons spiders trap the upper branches of trees at about 2–2.4 meters above the earth’s surface with fishing nets.
Spider breeding - Baboon
Spiders - baboons breed in spring and summer. Arrange a hole lined with silky cobwebs. The spider female lays eggs in a waterproof, silky cocoon hidden at the bottom of the hole. In the process of development, the spider-baboon molts several times. For the first time this happens in an egg bag. Before the next molt, baboons spiders stop eating.
Young individuals are kept at the bottom of the crown.
Baboon Spider Food
Baboons are characterized by cannibalism. After breeding, competition for food escalates, and spiders devour each other.
Arachnids are real predators. They set up hunting nets that include cicadas, crickets, cockroaches, ants, bugs, as well as termites, butterflies, other spiders and scorpions.
The victims of baboons spiders are lizards, snails, frogs, small geckos.
Baboon Spider is a poisonous spider that can jump when attacked. At the same time, spiders do not warn the victim about their actions. The bite is accompanied by painful symptoms with burning pain at the site of the poison.
After 2 hours, a person affected by a toxic substance develops dizziness, nausea, bouts of vomiting, signs of shock, and motor reflexes are impaired. The life span of females is about 15 years, while males die a year and a half after the last molt.
Baboon spider - poisonous arthropod.
The content of captive baboons
Baboons spiders are kept one at a time in a terrarium with excellent ventilation, with a capacity of 0.30x0.30x0.45 m. The bottom is covered with a coconut substrate 5 cm high. Decorative elements are placed inside: driftwood, stumps, branches. In this place, a spider - a baboon will weave its nest, placing it in the upper part of the terrarium or near the bottom. Be sure to install a drinker with water.
Use artificial illumination for lighting, avoiding direct sunlight! The optimum temperature for living is 26-28 ° C. Humidity is 75-85%. The substrate is sprayed with warm water 1 time after 2-3 days. At the age of 1.5-2 years (females) and 1-1.5 (males) spiders are able to give offspring.
The female in relation to the male does not show aggressive actions and can exist together for some time. After mating, the female weaves a cocoon at 6-8 weeks, which attaches inside the nest. In the silky web hide from 80 to 150 eggs. After 3 weeks, the nymphs come out. After 4-5 weeks, they become young spiders of the first molt 4-6 mm long with the limbs. Arachnologists appreciate spiders - baboons for the ability to easily breed and give a lot of spiders, which quickly turn into fluffy handsome men.
Baboons are fed a variety of insects.
Lovers sometimes call spider-baboons "decorative baboons." Their shaggy limbs, covered with thick, elongated hairs, temporarily make you forget about predatory customs. But do not flatter yourself, African tarantulas are not cats and dogs that will sit on their knees, waiting for food. That's why they are spiders in order to show their natural instincts in captivity. Most often, an exotic pet, when trying to enter the terrarium, simply hides.
The spider, overtaken far from the shelter, instantly takes a defensive position, demonstrating aggressive actions. In this case, you can often see droplets of poison on the tentacles.
Here is such an invertebrate tend to keep some optimists as a pet. Some people think that tarantula spiders will suit anyone who tries to breed captive baboons. But still, beginners should not get carried away by arachnid predators.
Breeding African tarantulas is not a hobby for novice lovers of arachnofauna, although it all comes down to responsibility and caution. Some people have these qualities, while others do not. In any case, before you settle a spider - a baboon, carefully read the features of its biology and behavior. In captivity, African tarantulas live up to 25 years.
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