It is unlikely that someone will like it if they point out bad breath and politely offer mint candy.
In this situation, little can be done, but if you are better prepared in this matter, you can avoid an awkward situation in the future.
As with any other body odor, halitosis can be dealt with with knowledge and hygiene products.
What causes bad breath and how to find out if you suffer from it.
Causes of Bad Breath
The most common cause of halitosis is dry mouth. Dryness occurs if you do not drink enough water, or you slept or traveled, which caused the production of saliva to slow down in the body.
Dry mouth leads to dead cells in the tongue that decompose bacteria. As a result of this process, an unpleasant odor arises.
Poor dental hygiene
Bad smell usually comes from the tongue, although the same process of decomposition of dead cells and food debris can occur in other areas of the mouth, for example from stuck food in the teeth.
If you do not brush your teeth thoroughly, bacteria can accumulate on your teeth and cause an unpleasant odor.
Another common cause of bad breath is the food you consume. For example, many are familiar with the breath from garlic or onions or the breath of a smoker.
Rigid diets and starvation can also lead to an unpleasant odor, as the body breaks down fat and releases ketones, which can be sensed.
Smoking in itself is a source of bad breath. Also, smokers often develop periodontitis, which also causes a bad smell.
Bad breath can be caused by tooth decay, periodontitis or stomatitis.
Occasionally, bad breath comes from traffic jams in the tonsils, chronic inflammation of the nose, sinuses and throat, which leads to the drainage of mucus along the back of the throat.
Exist and medical reasons halitosis, including:
Xerostomia (dry mouth caused by drugs)
Diseases of the kidneys and liver
Diabetes and others
Smell of acetone from the mouth
Odor of acetone from the mouth may indicate poorly regulated diabetes.
When the body lacks insulin, it uses fatty acids for energy, resulting in ketones - by-products of fat metabolism. Ketones are also produced during fasting or eating rich in fats and poor in carbohydrates.
Ketones can cause nausea, vomiting and fatigue, as well as lead to a dangerous condition - diabetic ketoacidosis. In this case, you need to see a doctor for help.
Bad breath in a child: causes
There are many reasons that can contribute to the development of bad breath in a child. Often the cause is temporary and insignificant, but sometimes it may indicate some health problems.
This is one of the common and hidden causes of bad breath. Mucus accumulates in the sinuses and sinuses, flows down the back of the throat and remains on the back of the tongue. Signs of sinusitis are frequent colds, yellow discharge from the eyes, runny nose, and frequent coughing.
Try steam cleansing (sit in the bathtub by filling it with steam from hot water) or a drop of seawater several times a day. See your doctor to check your child for chronic sinusitis.
If the child has enlarged tonsils, discharge from the nose and mouth can accumulate and this can lead to an unpleasant odor.
Food stuck between the teeth can lead to an unpleasant odor. Watch how thoroughly the child brushes his teeth. A pleasant toothpaste makes the process easier. In addition, make sure that the baby rinses with water around his mouth to wash off any extra residue.
Foreign body in the nose
Another cause of bad breath can be a decaying foreign body, such as a piece of food (pea, seed) or a toy stuck in a baby’s nose. In this case, the smell will come from one nostril. Consult a doctor to remove a foreign body.
When the mouth is dry, the natural properties of saliva are reduced. This allows bacteria in the mouth to multiply and produce an unpleasant odor. Make sure that the child drinks 3-4 glasses of water per day.
Bacteria and secretions often collect at the back of the tongue. Try scraping them with a tongue scraper or a spoon, as far as your child will allow you.
Another cause of an unpleasant odor may be belching of stomach acid in the throat. If you notice a sour smell in your child, most likely the reason is this. A child can often spit up, sleep restlessly, make sounds in his throat, and experience stomach discomfort. It is best to offer your child small, frequent portions, and keep him upright for at least half an hour after eating.
How to determine the presence of stale breathing?
Our oral cavity is directly connected with the nose, so sometimes the question arises, but how to check the freshness of breathing?
There are available tricks to independently determine the presence of smell. Here are the simplest ones:
- ask openly a loved one,
- hold a cotton swab (disk) in your mouth, and then smell it,
- lick your wrist (you can spoon), and after a few seconds sniff,
- floss between the teeth, dry it and evaluate the aroma,
- bring a palm to your face. After exhaling, you will understand what kind of aroma people feel.
For domestic purposes, indicators are issued that determine the freshness of breathing. In medicine, there are hypersensitive gas analyzers that determine the composition of air exhaled by a person, study it, then, according to the results of the study, find out the source.
Why is there a bad breath?
The causes of bad breath are various. Stale breathing sometimes occurs suddenly, it is periodic or permanent.
The immediate source is an imbalance of microflora in the mouth.
To treat bad breath, you need to make sure of its presence and understand the true causes, and they can be different: from insufficient hygiene to various diseases.
Morning amber is a frequent occurrence. During sleep, a person is in a calm state, he almost stops the production of saliva and its movement, the bacteria grow actively, which is why there is an undesirable smell.
The next reason is eating food with some active ingredients (garlic, green and onions, exotic spices, fish). In garlic and onion there are sulfur compounds, it is because of them that a characteristic smell arises.
If a person has not had breakfast, then the smell appears due to the vapors of undigested food rising up the esophagus.
Halitosis can be caused by starvation, certain dietary restrictions, diets that burn fat, fruit acetone is the final decay product, and it “aromatizes” respiration.
Dry mouth (xerostomia) is one of the causes of an unpleasant odor. Saliva moisturizes and cleanses the oral cavity; a lack of secretion promotes the growth of bacteria. This manifestation can be for various reasons:
- taking certain medications.
Some drugs themselves can lead to an unpleasant odor (antidepressants, diuretics, antibiotics, hormones, etc.).
Smoking greatly enhances odors. In this case, the mucous membrane in the mouth dries up, the amount of oxygen decreases, and the conditions for the development of bacteria are created.
The unpleasant odor of alcohol, which occurs an hour and a half after ingestion, regardless of whether drinks continue to be drunk. The reason is alcohol decay products, it shows that the processing of the drunk has entered a certain period. This smell causes rejection among others.
Bad habits include overeating, especially festive feasts. Because of this, unpleasant sensations also arise.
Inadequate hygiene (and lack thereof)
Many use only a brush and paste for daily oral hygiene. This is not enough, it is necessary to use rinsing agents, dental floss (it removes food debris especially effectively, freshens the breath).
Dental hygiene floss
Hygiene also includes thorough cleaning of the back of the tongue and the mucous membranes of the cheeks, there is a special device - a scraper for the tongue (you can use a toothbrush with a rubber pad). The main accumulation of bacteria occurs on the back of the tongue.
It is especially necessary to treat the mouth with braces or dentures. Poorly fitting prostheses cause ulcers and infections, which can also become a source of stench.
These diseases are the main cause of halitosis. Unhealthy teeth and offensive odors are often interconnected. The main enemy is caries. With complicated caries, enamel, hard tissues of the teeth are destroyed, and this causes an unpleasant odor.
It is important to consult a dentist in a timely manner, as Caries, in addition to causing a bad breath, destroys teeth, which are then difficult to repair.
It is especially important to monitor the state of the oral cavity during pregnancy, when calcium consumption increases significantly, and the risk of tooth decay, and hence the bad smell, also increases.
With gum diseases (periodontal disease, gingivitis), depressions are formed in which bacteria multiply. It is impossible to clean them without the help of a professional.
The cause of stale breathing are stomatitis, diseases of the tongue, salivary glands. If the smell worries in the absence of such problems, then we are looking for another reason.
The appearance of a smell can be associated with various internal diseases. In this case, the help of a therapist (or other specialists) is needed for complex treatment.
Plaque on the tongue may indicate some diseases
The presence of the disease can signal a plaque that appears on the tongue. According to the thickness and color of this plaque, competent doctors can determine the affected organ. It can be diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, liver or diabetes, cancer and so on.
What does the disease smell like?
Sometimes a bad sore can be detected from the mouth.
- The smell of rotten eggs indicates the decomposition of proteins, the root cause may be an ulcer, gastritis (low acidity), etc.
- Sourness in the smell - diseases of the esophagus, gastritis (high acidity).
- Bitter aroma - liver disease.
- The smell of metal is periodontal disease.
- Stench of urine from the oral cavity - kidney disease.
- Acetone with a sweet flavor - diabetes.
- Fecal odor - dysbiosis, intestines.
- The aroma of iodine is an oversaturation of the body with this substance, an occasion for a visit to an endocrinologist.
Odor control methods are selected based on the true cause.
Bad breath can repel the interlocutor, while the speaker himself does not notice his smell ...
- In dental diseases, this is a filling, treatment of carious teeth, or surgery.
- With ENT diseases - antibacterial drugs, physiotherapy, anti-inflammatory.
Treatment and prevention of halitosis is determined by background disease. If halitosis arose due to diseases of the digestive system, then medication, diet correction. All this after a serious examination.
Eat more vegetables and fruits.
Bacteria living in the oral cavity feed on proteins. Recycling them, they emit an unpleasant odor. Eating solid foods (fruits, vegetables) in itself helps to cleanse.
There are foods that help get rid of the unpleasant odor - dairy products (especially kefir), parsley, freshly brewed tea.
Visit to the dentist twice a year.
Replenish the lack of saliva with a plentiful drink (at least 2 liters per day), this prevents drying out and freshens the breath. The more water, the more often cleansing, the less bacteria, the fresher the breath
Chewing causes a saliva reflex; this helps kill bacteria. Additionally, you can flavor your breath with chewing gum, parsley, cinnamon, and so on.
Effectively rinse the mouth with decoctions of herbs. The choice of plants is great: oak bark, strawberry leaf, sage, St. John's wort, mint, wormwood and others.
Smell of alcohol. Folk remedies for combating bad breath offer many options: chew something fragrant (dill, celery, cinnamon, citrus peels), gnaw seeds, drink tea with mint, rinse your mouth with water and tincture of wormwood, lemon. Shortly remove the "aroma" of chocolate and ice cream. Medicines can also help: tablets of validol, drops of motherwort, valerian, Antipolitsay. These remedies only muffle, but do not eliminate, the cause. The most effective cleansing of the blood, stomach, diuretics. But in 1-2 hours it will not work to destroy the alcoholic amber. Unpleasant aroma also happens after plentiful feasts, overeating. In such cases, activated charcoal, Smecta, Festal, Mezima tablets, etc. help.
Sometimes the question arises, what to do, how to get rid of bad breath quickly. There are many means: aerosols, lozenges, candy canes. They get rid of unwanted aroma quickly, but do not last long. If there is nothing at hand, then urgently refresh your breath will help these methods: drink some water, eat a carrot (or apple), chew ground coffee. To neutralize the halitosis from onions, from garlic, dill, celery, parsley, citrus fruits or the same coffee are used.
When drowning out a smell, you must remember to identify the true cause of stale breathing. Bad breath is a serious sign that you need to pay attention to.
Another reason why there may be bad breath, but for some reason they say little. It is very important to eat right. For example, it has long been noticed that vegetarians and raw foodists rarely suffer from this problem. However, when a person eats a lot of meat food (we do not urge to completely abandon products of animal origin, there should be a measure in everything), as well as products (including fast food) containing indigestible components, fats, proteins, then these products decompose in the stomach and slagging the body, can cause a stable bad breath, and in addition, poor nutrition does not affect the condition of the teeth in the best way.
Share it with friends and they will share something useful with you!
The smell of acetone in a child
The smell of acetone may be a sign of diabetes.
Ketosis in a child can occur when the body cannot get enough energy for metabolism from carbohydrates and begins to break down fats to produce ketones.
The reason, however, may be not only diabetes, but also a decrease in appetite due to illness or other reason.
Bad breath: what to do and how to check?
The first step in dealing with bad breath is, of course, identifying it before someone points you out.
As already mentioned, the source of bad smell is most often the language, so you need to check it first.
If visually your tongue is pink and shiny, this is a good sign, and white with deposits is not very good.
Take a spoon and scrape the back of your tongue with the tip of a spoon. Then let it dry and smell it.
Bowl-shaped breaths are not the best way to test your breathing.
Instead, you can lick the back of your hand, let the saliva dry for a few seconds, and then sniff the surface.
As for food, then you need to be more careful about what you eat. If you ate garlic or onions, it’s best to take steps to remedy the situation.
How to get rid of bad breath?
Unfortunately, there is no one lasting solution to this problem.
Since halitosis is caused by various reasons, all decisions are temporary and must be repeated to get rid of bad breath.
Drink water more often
Bacteria accumulate when you have a dry mouth, and, of course, one way to deal with this is to drink water regularly. If you regularly drink water and produce saliva, the chances of an unpleasant odor are reduced.
Use tongue scrapers
Cleaning the back of the tongue is the most efficient way. Ideally, this should be done after each meal. This reduces the concentration of volatile sulfur compounds, reducing bad breath.
If you cannot use a toothbrush or tongue scraper, you can rinse your mouth with mouthwash. Rinsing better eliminates bacteria than chewing gums or mint sweets, but it is still a temporary remedy and not as thorough as cleaning the tongue.
To achieve a better result, you need rinse your mouth for 30 seconds, do not eat or smoke for half an hour after rinsing.
Recently, there have been some concerns that mouthwashes containing alcohol can cause oral cancer, although recent studies have not confirmed this association.
If you still do not want to take risks, you can do alcohol free mouthwash.
· Boil 5 cinnamon sticks in one cup of water for 5 minutes.
· After that, remove the cinnamon sticks and let the water cool.
· Храните такой ополаскиватель для рта в бутылке или распылителе.
Также попробуйте полоскать рот водой с щепоткой соды или соли.
Floss your teeth
Bacteria can break down food stuck between the teeth and cause an unpleasant odor. Regular flossing helps remove food particles. And although the tongue is the main source of bad smell, floss also plays an important role.
Most people carry mint dragees or chewing gum to freshen their breath. However, the effect of this is temporary and does not last as long as after rinsing the mouth and cleaning the tongue.
How to remove bad breath?
Certain foods can reduce odor.
For example green tea possesses antibacterial properties, and cinnamon contains essential oils that kill many bacteria. You can add cinnamon to morning cereal or a cinnamon stick to tea.
Crispy vegetables and fruitsfor example, celery and apple have a double effect. They increase saliva production, and a solid structure removes bacteria from the surface. Melon, oranges and berries can also help.
Here are a few products you can carry with you to reduce bad breath for a while:
Anise (a few seeds before meals are also good for digestion)
Dill (masks odor)
· Cinnamon sticks (bite off a small piece and chew)
Clove (one tooth is enough)
Parsley (chew well)
How to remove the smell of onions and garlic from your mouth
Onions and garlic are quite popular ingredients that not only make the dish tastier, but also good for health. However, they are often the culprits of halitosis. Here are a few remedies to help you neutralize the smell of onions or garlic.
An apple and some other fruits have properties that cause them to oxidize. These properties are also effective in controlling sulfur compounds in garlic and onions.
The acid in lemon juice neutralizes alliinase - an enzyme produced by crushing onions or garlic, causing an unpleasant odor.
Green tea is rich in polyphenols, which mask substances that cause an unpleasant odor.
A recent study showed that the combination of water and fat in milk helps in controlling the bad smell of garlic. In this case, it is best to drink milk with garlic than after a meal.
How to get rid of the smell of alcohol or fumes from the mouth
Alcohol has a fairly distinct smell and, unfortunately, no method of getting rid of it is ideal. If you want to get rid of the smell of alcohol, you can try the following methods:
Although a strong-smelling toothpaste helps to remove the smell of alcohol, this method is not always convenient and will not save you from the smell left on the back of the throat.
Coffee can muffle the smell of alcohol. It is best to choose strong black coffee without milk and sugar and gently rinse their teeth. You can also chew coffee beans.
After coffee, you can chew chewing gum. However, many people know that chewing gum is most often used to mask the smell of fumes, so this method may raise suspicion.
To remove the smell of alcohol, you can use activated charcoal by chewing tablets in a dosage according to weight (10-20 tablets).
Strong odor products mask other odors well. In some situations, the smell of garlic or onions will be favored more than the smell of fumes. Ideally, use the spices indicated above.
What causes bad breath?
The most common cause of bad breath is dry mouth. It occurs if you drank insufficient water, or slept, or traveled, as a result of which your body slowed down the production of saliva. Dry mouth leads to the death of cells in your tongue that break down bacteria - this process causes bad breath.
Typically, bad breath is associated with the tongue, although the same process by the breakdown of dead cells by bacteria can occur in other parts of the mouth, for example, due to pieces of food stuck between the teeth.
If you do not brush your teeth thoroughly, the same bacteria accumulate on your teeth and cause an unpleasant odor.
Another common reason is the foods you eat. We are all too familiar with the smell of garlic or onions and the smell of smokers. Crash diets and starvation can also cause bad breath, because, according to the UK National Health Service, in this case, the body breaks down fats, releasing ketones that can cause odor.
Of course, these are not the only reasons. Bad breath can also be caused by diseases such as xerostomia (dry mouth caused by drugs, or mouth breathing), throat and lung infections, liver and kidney diseases, diabetes, and others.
How to check if you have bad breath?
As already mentioned, the bad smell comes from your tongue, so it's worth starting with it. Can be identified at a glance: according to Dr. Harold Katz, a bacteriologist and founder of the California Respiratory Clinic, pink and shiny tongue is good, white and rough is bad. If you have a spoon at hand, you can scrape the tongue with the tip of a spoon, let it dry, and then sniff it.
Dr. Katz also emphasizes that the hand-held breath test method does not work. He told CNN that instead of breathing in your hand, it’s better to lick the back of your hand, let it dry for a few seconds and smell it.
It is also worth remembering what you ate today. If you just ate something with a lot of garlic or onions, the chances that your interlocutors want to walk away from you a couple of steps will increase.
How to get rid of bad breath: the most effective solutions
We have bad news for you: there is no long-term, suitable way for everyone to get rid of bad breath. You need to not only eat well, but do it all the time. Because halitosis causes various causes, the ways to defeat it are also different, but remember that you need to use them regularly.
2. Use tongue scrapers
Drive it into your heads, ladies and gentlemen. There is nothing more effective than regular cleaning of your tongue. Ideally, if you have the opportunity, it is worth cleaning it after each meal. Tongue scrapers are best for quickly eliminating odors:
“Although there is no standard treatment, the number of bacteria that cause bad breath can be reduced by brushing or scraping the tongue. This may reduce the concentration of volatile sulfur compounds and the consequent reduction in unpleasant odors. "
3. Use mouthwash
If your toothbrush and tongue scraper do not suit you, you can turn to mouthwash. Rinsing the mouth is much better at washing bacteria than chewing gum or peppermint, but this is still a temporary solution, and not as effective as a scraper. In order for the product to work most effectively, you must rinse your mouth for 30 seconds and do not eat or smoke for the next half hour.
There are some concerns that alcohol-containing mouthwashes can cause oral cancer, but a recent study found no “statistically significant association between the use of mouthwash and the risk of developing oral cancer.” If this still bothers you, you can try to prepare your own rinse aid without alcohol.
4. Use toothpicks regularly
Bacteria can accumulate on food particles stuck between the teeth and produce an unpleasant odor. The continued use of toothpicks will help eliminate food debris from the mouth. Although the tongue remains a major problem, regular use of toothpicks is also necessary to combat odors.
5. Eat a few peppermint candies
Most people often carry peppermint sweets or chewing gum with them to quickly refresh their breath if necessary, but you should understand that they give a short-term effect. However, if you need it, dentist Dr. Leong Hong Chew has advised Men’s Health magazine to use breath-freshening strips:
“Instead of peppermint sweets, Dr. Leong advises using breath-refreshing strips. "They dissolve faster and therefore sugar has less contact with teeth, potentially reducing the risk of tooth decay."
6. Eat the right foods
There are certain foods that can help you deal with bad breath. Dr. Katz says:
“Green tea has anti-bacterial properties that destroy odor. Cinnamon contains essential oils that kill many types of oral bacteria. Try adding cinnamon to your morning toasts or oatmeal or cinnamon sticks in tea.
Eating crispy vegetables or fruits, such as celery or apples, also helps eliminate bad breath. Their use contributes to the production of saliva and the purification of bacteria. In addition, melons, oranges and berries help well. ”
Here are some natural foods that you can chew and even carry with you to temporarily combat bad breath:
Seeds: anise (a couple of seeds after a meal contribute to good digestion), cardamom, fennel, dill (mask the smell).
Other products: cinnamon sticks, cloves, parsley.
By the way, if you eat foods that cause bad breath, you can kill them with other foods. For example, a glass of milk drowns out the garlic odor.
If you drank wine, especially red, fruits will help you:
“If it’s too late, and the smell has appeared, try to eat something crunchy, for example, an apple, or take a slice of lemon in the bar, go out into the rest room, and rub the lemon into your teeth and gums. Wait a bit and drink some water. ”
Now that you have this knowledge, you can solve the problem of bad breath once and for all.