Beautiful clove flowers are loved by many gardeners to grow on their plots. Their refined and bright beauty captures the eye, carnations are a real decoration of the flowerbed. But this is also an unpretentious and not very moody flower. Caring for a clove is pleasant and uncomplicated. It is enough to know the main principles of growing a flower beauty.
How to grow a flower
This plant adores sunny areas. Better than flower beds, well-lit by sunlight and protected from the winds, for the cultivation of cloves can not come up with.
Perennial cloves in the garden grows beautifully on light soil with neutral acidity, saturated with humus and sand. Soil for it must pass water and not be waterlogged.
Plant a plant at a temperature of + 15 ° C. Sow clove seeds in a substrate of humus, sand, turf in equal parts and lightly sprinkle. A very important question for a gardener is how to plant a clove. The soil must be moist. To preserve heat and moisture, they shelter it. After germination, it is no longer necessary to cover the sowing. When the leaves appear, they are dived into separate containers and fertilized with mineral fertilizers. Growing clove seedlings are planted on a flower bed, keeping a distance of 20 cm, the soil is mulched. Planting garden cloves in compliance with agricultural technology and further care help to grow magnificent flowers.
Flowers in flower beds during growth require some attention. A few simple rules provide the most favorable conditions for cloves:
- weed removal
- pinching a flower
- frequent watering
- soil loosening,
- plant nutrition
Carnation does not like the proximity of weeds and grass, the flower needs to be freed from them. The abundance of weeds around the flower slows down or completely inhibits its growth. Weeding is an indispensable element of caring for a fragile beauty.
Caring for a garden perennial carnation also consists in pinching the top of the flower, which gives impetus to rapid flowering. The plant begins to cluster and give lateral shoots. A pinch is carried out above the upper leaf node, with a stem height of 15 cm. How to pinch a clove? Do it with your fingers. After a month, the pinch is repeated.
We must not forget about the moisture and nutrition of the soil, where perennial plants are planted. Outdoor cloves need care associated with moderate watering, after which the soil must be loosened.
Waterlogging of the soil near the clove bushes should not be allowed, this can lead to rotting of the roots.
Organic and especially mineral fertilizers are added to the soil, this contributes to the good development of stems and rapid flowering. It is important to feed the plant with complex fertilizers when buds appear.
If the stems of the cloves grow very high, the plant is tied. It should be in an upright position, otherwise the stems will begin to break under the weight of the flowers. The stems are tied to the supports with twine or kapron thread. This must be done very carefully and not tight.
When the clove flowers wilt, they need to be cut immediately. This stimulates new flowering.
Garden cloves need to be prepared for the winter. Frosts should not hurt her. To do this, prune a wilted flower over the soil. Be sure to mulch the soil around the plant. This will help the roots get a supply of nutrients. Some gardeners in regions with cold winters dig up flower bushes, transplant them in boxes, containers or in pots and bring them into the house for the winter. In this case, cloves wintered safely.
Flower beds bloom all summer, if you remember these simple rules, how to grow perennial cloves.
How clove propagates
Several methods are known for propagating this perennial flower:
Layers appear with damp earth and an incision in the stem. Long lateral shoots are cut from below, fixed, sprinkled with soil and watered. Soon, roots appear, a green sprout sprouts. It is separated from the clove bush and planted in the ground.
Sometimes layering is obtained from a lush bush with side branches, sprinkled with earth. In this case, regularly watered. After some time, the branches take root. Then they are transplanted separately.
It is very popular among gardeners to propagate any type of clove by cuttings. Usually this is done in early June. At the clove bush, choose long lateral shoots with at least four leaves. Shoots are freed from leaves, several cuts are made between the nodes on the stem. It is useful to dip the slices in a growth stimulator. Cuttings are planted in half-prepared from fertile soil and humus substrate, adding a little sand. Planted cuttings and cover with transparent material to get a kind of greenhouse. They take root in three weeks, shoot. Full flowering of a new clove bush can be expected in a year.
In early spring, cloves can be propagated by dividing the bush. The plant is completely dug up and the root is divided into several separate bushes. Each of them must have a healthy and developed root, a large lateral shoot. The resulting young bushes are planted in the ground. Take care of an adult plant. Flowering will begin next year.
Care and care for garden cloves include mandatory disease prevention and disposal of plant pests.
Unfortunately, cloves, like other flowers, are prone to certain diseases:
The fungus heterosporiosis affects cloves with an excess of moisture and nitrogenous fertilizers in the soil. Brown spots with reddish rims appear on the leaves of the plant. The plant begins to dry and dies. In this case, the affected plants are burned, the soil is treated with Bordeaux fluid. To prevent this disease, the bushes are treated with Nitrafen or other similar drugs twice a season.
Gray rot - botritis appears on flowers during a period of prolonged rains, cooling, in the absence of sunlight. Sometimes the disease provokes a large excessive density of planted plants. They are covered with a gray smoky coating. Such flowers are subject to destruction. Prevention: avoid excessive moisture and spraying with fungicides.
Treatment with fungicidal preparations cannot be carried out on sunny days with strong winds. The best conditions for this are dry and cloudy weather.
The fungus also causes rust. In this case, the stems, leaves are affected, they turn yellow and dry out. The disease provokes a lack of potassium in the soil and an excess of nitrogen, excessive waterlogging. The affected plants are cleaned, sprayed with fungicides, for example, Bordeaux liquid. Prevention consists in moderate watering, weeding weeds - peddlers of disease pathogens.
Rhizoctoniosis leads to decay of the root system of cloves at the root neck. The plant ceases to receive nutrients. Its leaves turn yellow, fade, the roots are affected by rot. To save the plants, a universal and effective fungicide - the drug "Maxim" is suitable. For prevention, constant loosening of the soil and moderate watering are necessary.
Fusarium wilting - staining of the stem in a reddish color, yellowing leaves, rotting of the roots. As a result, the flowers stop blooming, the plant dies. The cause of the manifestation of the disease can be too much humidity, acidic soil and hot weather. It is impossible to cure such plants; they are dug up and burned. Protect cloves from this scourge by mulching and moderate watering.
Garden Beauty Pests
Sometimes it is difficult to avoid an attack on a carnation flower of such pests:
Gall nematodes are small worms dangerous to the plant. They are planted on the roots of cloves in high humidity in hot weather. Nematodes are real parasites that form growths and absorb useful substances, liquid from the roots. In this case, clove leaves turn yellow, and the plant dies. There is a variety of stem nematodes that settle inside the plant. Nematodes infect the soil around the flower. Pest control is the introduction of nematicides and formalin.
Caterpillars attack the plant, crawling out of the soil, they damage the buds and leaves. For prevention, in the spring, clove bushes are treated with dichlorophosomes or similar preparations. Pollinate the soil with antiparasitic agents.
Thrips affect cloves, leaving whitish spots on the plant. The plant withers and dies. Such bushes are destroyed, and the soil is decontaminated, and treated several times.
Good care of the magnificent flower - garden cloves will allow you to admire its beauty until the fall.
Varieties and types of perennial cloves
Clove is a feathery plant - the plant is low, up to 25-30 cm, single flowers are white, pink, and red. Petals obovate, palmate dissected. Shoots form a thick gray-green turf. It blooms in July and August, loves calcareous, loose, warm soils. Varieties of it are: iozotis, (height 40 cm), semperflorence (25 cm) with repairing double flowers.
Clove carnation “Terry carpet”, mixture. Incredibly decorative plant: growing, it forms a neat green carpet, over which a large number of fragrant terry flowers blooms. Widely used in the design of rockeries, borders and other flower beds. They are grown in seedlings. At an optimum temperature of + 16 ... + 20C, seedlings appear within 7-14 days. Landing is done in open ground when the threat of frost return is over. Prefers light, calcareous soils, sunny location. Flowering in June-September. Plant height 30 cm.
Fresh articles about the garden
Sandy carnation is a miniature plant with cirrus-fringed flowers. Her decorative form is Nostalgia. Numerous white flowers with fringed edges abundant flowering decorate mixborders, borders, stony hills and supporting walls. Placed in a sunny place with light permeable, calcareous soil. The culture is unpretentious. It tolerates transplantation. Flowering in July-August. Plant height 20-30 cm.
Clove grass - a low plant (up to 20-25 cm), the leaves are elongated, dark green, sometimes with redness. It has a wide variety of colors (red with a dark rim and light dots, dark pink and carmine). The grass has been blooming since the beginning of June for almost two months. Based on this species, many varieties and hybrids have been created.
Clove grayish-blue “Moulin Rouge”, mixture. A bright mixture of deep pinks of carnations with a delicate aroma. Abundant flowering will decorate any flower garden, border or mixborder. At the optimum temperature + 16 ... + 20 ° C, seedlings appear within 7-14 days. Placed in a sunny place with light, permeable, calcareous soil. Unpretentious. Flowering in June-July. Plant height 25 cm.
Choosing a place, preparing clove primers for many years
For active growth and lush flowering, open, sunny areas are required. The territory in the lowland is categorically not suitable: most often stagnation of melt and rain water occurs there. Excess shade and moisture can cause perennial death.
Soil is the most suitable sandy loam or loamy soil with a neutral reaction. If the acidity exceeds acceptable standards, but its level is reduced by adding dolomite flour to the soil. To soil was loose in the hole pour peat and sand.
Culture needs loose and light soil. For this, gardeners regularly loosen the soil, preventing the formation of an earth crust around the bush. Perform the procedure a day after watering. Using a special tool carefully, so as not to damage the root system, loosen the ground. At this point, weeds must be removed.
Planting carnations in the garden
Carnation is planted in two ways - seeds and seedlings. Some varieties germinate well when planting seeds in open ground. It begins in May, when the threat of frost passes. The ideal temperature for planting is + 15 ° C.
Seeds are planted in prepared soil - dug and fertilized. Planting depth - 1 cm, the distance between the holes is also 1 cm, between the rows - at least 10 cm.
For seedlings, cloves are sown in March. Soil from peat, turf land and sand is better to pre-calcine to destroy pathogenic microbes. Seeds are sown on the watered substrate, sprinkled with sand and covered with a film. For germination, a temperature of 18 ° C is needed, after emergence, it decreases to 12 ° C. The shoots need good lighting, so they will have to be illuminated with a phytolamp. If there is not enough light for them, then you need to slightly reduce and water.
At the stage of two leaves, the seedlings are transplanted into the same substrate as for planting. Pick-up can be made into cassettes. If you are diving seedlings into containers, it is important to observe the distance between them. The optimal planting scheme is 4 x 4 cm. Sprouts are planted in separate containers in April. When transplanting, it is important not to deepen the root neck. At the stage of 5 leaves, the growth point is pinched. From mid-April, seedling hardening procedures begin, and in mid-May it is planted on flower beds at a distance of 30 cm from each other.
Care for perennial cloves in the garden
Although cloves are unpretentious plants, there are still some nuances regarding its cultivation:
- the flower needs loose soil and constant watering,
- the more often you feed the flower, the better it will grow,
- remove faded inflorescences, this will extend the flowering period of cloves,
- in winter, cloves are best transplanted into containers and brought into the house.
In addition, cloves must be constantly removed from weeds, watered and fertilized. If the clove variety has a long stem, then it must be tied.
Nail perennial clove
Pinch cloves to promote flower growth. Pinching carnations during growth stimulates the growth of lateral stems, and hence the formation of more flowers. Pinching is especially important if you want to grow flowers for pruning.
Pinching also helps the plant become more bushy, not just having one tall stalk, as some gardeners prefer.
The height at which you nip off the plant’s stalk will be the height from which the plant will begin to grow. Pinching gives you the ability to influence the height of your plant. Start pinching the cloves after the first six leaf nodes appear. The leaf node is the thickened part of the stem from which leaves will later emerge. Leaf nodes usually appear when the plant reaches a height of 6 inches.
A second nipping should be done approximately 4 weeks after the appearance of lateral shoots. Side shoots also need to be pinched when they reach about 6 inches in length.
The plants from the nursery that you buy often already have their first pinching done if they are at least 6 inches tall. But you can pinch the side shoots that have reached a length of 6 inches, if it seems to you that this was not done in the nursery.
If you grow cloves yourself from seeds, you will need to pinch yourself.
Pinch cloves with your fingers. Once the plant has reached a height of about 5-6 inches and has 5-6 swollen leaf nodes on the stem, pinch off the top of the stem above the sixth leaf node. The stem should be soft enough so that you can do it with your fingertips.
After this first pinching, lateral shoots should appear. Repeat the pinching process as soon as they reach 5-6 inches in length.
After you have pinched the plant, it is good to support it with a peg. Tie it loosely to a support, such as a sturdy garden reed, using a rope or garden line.
Perennial clove dressing
Perennial cloves, like any ornamental plant, need additional top dressing throughout the entire vegetative period. First you need to feed in the spring, then at the time of the appearance of the buds and, of course, when the color appears. Do not use fresh manure and potassium-based fertilizers! Be careful with the amount of nitrogen fertilizer applied: an excessive amount of it can cause fungal diseases. Garden cloves respond well to mineral fertilizing.
Propagation of perennial cloves
If Turkish carnation is already growing in the summer cottage, propagation by cuttings is the most reliable way to obtain planting material while preserving all the qualities of the mother bush. Carry cuttings in June. To do this, cut healthy cuttings 10 cm long. The lower cut is made oblique at a distance of 1-1.5 cm from the knee of the stem.
The prepared material is planted in sandy soil, moisturized well and covered with a film. After 20 days, the cuttings will take root and already in the second half of August they can be planted in a permanent place. Cirrus, Dutch and Turkish cloves take root well, the reproduction of which is carried out by dividing the mother bush. Spend it in the spring or after flowering. Делянки отрезают от корневища ножом или при помощи лопаты и высаживают на новое место на расстоянии 30-40 см.
Вредители гвоздики многолетней
Гусеницы совок нападают на кусты гвоздики в период бутонизации, питаясь листьями и еще не распустившимися цветами. Массовые популяции обгладывают растение всего за одну ночь. Since the caterpillars go hunting with the onset of twilight, at this time they can be destroyed mechanically, and it is better to immediately treat the clove bush with preparations such as Actellik, Fitoverm or Bi-58.
Thrips is a pest that feeds on clove juices, as a result, all parts of the flower are deformed, covered with a white coating and lose their decorative effect. If the clove bush is damaged very much, then it should be disposed of. Less infected specimens must be treated with insecticides, such as Arrivo or Zolon. Spraying cloves is carried out 3-4 times every 5 days.
The gall nematode is a carnation pest that affects the root system of the plant and forms bloated galls on the roots. As a result, cloves develop poorly, then leaves begin to turn yellow and flowers fall. Sick bushes must be removed and burned. Since the pest can live in the soil for years, the soil is carefully shed with boiling water, and then it is treated 3-4 times with Aktara or Rogora solutions.
Rhizoctonia is a disease that causes decay of the clove bush at the root neck. As a result, the plant does not receive nutrients and moisture, it turns yellow and dries. In wet weather, rhizoctonia can be determined by detecting a brownish-colored felt on the bottom of the clove stem. It is unlikely to be able to save the infected plant, but for prevention, plants are watered and sprayed with Bordeaux liquid.
Clove phyllophorosis is a disease in which the clove stems gradually fade and quickly turn yellow. Individual leaves and shoots may become reddish. When cut on the stem, brown stains and rings are clearly visible. Sick clove bushes should be removed, the soil should be treated with a potassium permanganate solution, and healthy plants should be sprayed with “Topsin” for prevention.
Fusarium wilting. Signs of clove disease - yellowing, and later on, browning and wilting of the leaves of the plant. Pinkish convex spots appear on the aerial parts of the clove bush - these are spores of the fungus. The affected cloves must be removed, the remaining plants should be poured with a fungicide such as "Fundazol" or "Topsin-M".
With the onset of cold weather, the roots of garden cloves love to feast on mice, so if you grow a plant as a perennial, cover it with winter spruce branches to prevent damage to the bushes by rodents.
Garden cloves in landscaping
It is difficult to choose a more suitable plant for organizing the original landscape in the territory adjacent to the country house.
An alpine hill with the bushes of this plant correctly planted in the area will look very natural. For such design decisions, low-growing wild or semi-wild varieties should be planted on the site. Shrubs of small height can be planted along garden paths, and taller bushes look great between two large stones in the front garden. If the plot has a green lawn, then placing the average height of the bushes of this plant around its perimeter will look very interesting and beautiful.