Since childhood, most boys chase the ball in the yard, or simply, forgetting everything, worry about their favorite team in front of TV screens. Each of them represented himself among the eleven best who go to the football field and give all their best to win. But there are those who would like to devote themselves to football, but to enter the game not as a player, but as a mentor - a football coach. Being a football coach, as well as becoming a professional football player, is not an easy task. To achieve this goal, you need to make a lot of effort and constantly work on yourself. Not unimportant moment here is also luck and luck.
And yet, how can you become a football coach?
How to become a coach. Alex Ferguson
Coaching can be called one of the most unstable and ungrateful. After all, the coach should always be in a tense state, be able to find a common language not only with the players, but also with functionaries and journalists. It is often said that the victory in a football match is the merit of the players, and only the coach is guilty of defeat. Nevertheless, every year only wishing to master this profession.
Before becoming a football coach of a professional team, it is necessary to go through a difficult and thorny path. At the first stage, it is necessary to lead a children's or youth team. The National Football Federation conducts training courses in this area.
As for working with professional clubs, everything here is a little more complicated. First you need to get a diploma from the Graduate School of Trainers.
Education of a trainer begins with obtaining a category “C” license. Those who receive such a license have the right to work at the level of championships of the region and the national championship of amateur football.
The next level is obtaining a category “B” license, which allows you to work in the first football division. This category already has UEFA status. Training consists of both theoretical and practical classes. Upon completion, it is necessary to submit a report on the practice and undergo protection. Having received such a license, you need to work out as a trainer for 2-3 years. After that, you can apply for a license of category "A". Before starting training, an obligatory procedure is to undergo an interview with the applicant to determine the level of his knowledge. After successfully obtaining an “A” license, you must work for at least a year in a team of professionals or juniors in order to qualify for the Pro category. This category is the highest qualification of a football coach. Before the start of training, general theoretical interviews are conducted at which the applicant must clearly articulate his desire to engage in coaching and devote his whole life to this. During the training, future trainers devote to all the details of the profession, possible difficulties and disappointments from this work. The trainer must understand that his chosen path can significantly affect his family relationships and well-being. Category Pro makes it possible to coach any European club and national team.
What should be a real football coach?
Obtaining a diploma of a professional trainer is not a guarantee of a successful career in this direction. After all, the coach must have a sufficient level of knowledge and skills that contribute to the successful performance of his wards on a football pitch.
Among the main ones are:
- Achieving teamwork
- Properly set breeding work
- Competent strategy and placement of players
- Ability to find a common language with young players, etc.
The main qualities of a trainer are:
• resistance to stress, ability to withstand pressure from the fans, journalists and the leadership of the team,
• The ability to have respect among players to achieve high team results,
• Be “hungry for victory”, constantly tune your wards to achieve maximum results in any confrontation,
• Have a psychological impact and the ability to set up a team for the game.
Is the football coach a former football player?
How to become a coach. Jose Mourinho
There is an opinion that only former football players who saw “all this cuisine” from the other side become successful coaches. In fact this is not true. At the stage of training young coaches, former players have a special advantage. Indeed, in order to lead the players, you need to understand what they think. But as practice shows, you can achieve high results in the coaching profession without ever going on the lawn as a field player. The best example of this is Jose Mourinho - one of the best coaches in modern world football. He was not a professional footballer, which did not prevent him from coaching the most titled European clubs, as well as becoming the youngest head coach to win the UEFA Champions League.
Mourinho himself on this occasion says the following: “To become a good pianist you do not need to be a piano before that ...”
Quite often, mentor quotes become “winged” and remain in the history of football for many decades.
It is incorrect to say that a good coach is an experienced coach. Experience has a significant role in professional growth and the achievements of a coach, but not decisive. Proof of this is the achievement of Josep Guardiola. In the first season with Barcelona, he won all the trophies of the tournaments in which the team took part. An important role in this case was played by ambition, charisma, focus on results and simply coaching talent ...
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“Is there no information on the cost of training on the site?” I will send you a tablet "
- The Academy of Coaching is located in the structure of the RFU. I understand correctly?
- And funded by the organization’s money?
- No, RFU is the founder, and the Academy of Coaching Excellence is funded independently.
- That is, it is self-supporting? Profitable?
- Practically. Profitability cannot be said, since it is a learning process.
- But money for training is taken.
- Money is taken, but they are spent on providing the process with everything necessary in accordance with the requirements. Included in the cost of the internship (flight, hotel, fields, etc.), all-all-all is spent on the learning process and its improvement: teaching aids, training films, computer programs ...
- There is no price list for training on the academy's website. Is this classified information?
- No, it’s not secret, just now it can change. You can her ... I think she was in the public domain. This is not classified information.
- However, it is not on the site.
- We will consider, but there is no secret. I will send you a tablet.
- There are only 10 centers in the country. Why aren't you expanding this network?
- The learning process requires, first of all, the availability of qualified teachers. In many respects, this is connected with a certain not only lack, but a shortage of professional teaching staff. And we are talking not only about the field of football, but also about other related sciences: physiology, biochemistry, biomechanics. Such teachers are concentrated in universities, so most centers are tied to departments.
- Examples of countries where in the 21st century football got on its feet - Iceland, Germany, Belgium - show that they started there primarily with children's coaches ... Do we have this vector?
- Partly traceable. Four years ago, we identified a whole area of training for children's trainers - where you started the conversation. At the same time, the country is very large, so to speak, it is not always possible to exercise full control over the teaching and training activities of our specialists. Not always succeed. Or fully fail.
“56 percent of trainers do not have a license? The country is very large "
- I understand correctly, that anyone can work in the sports school at all, a license is not needed for this?
- It depends on what [school] you work at and at what age. If you train a team and participate in competitions under the auspices of the RFU, then you must have one or another certification category. It is clear that you can work with the boys of 2010 in the municipal school of some village. But as soon as you start playing in competitions for the region / republic and so on, you will need a license. These are not only requirements of the RFU, these are the requirements of UEFA, since we are members of the UEFA coaching convention.
- According to statistics from the RFU, 56 percent of trainers do not have a license. How is this possible?
- Again, I speak as an example. The country is very large. For example, in some village near Magadan ...
- Not even in the village, but in Magadan itself. There is no school of trainers.
- There is no school, but you can come to Omsk, Khabarovsk or organize training in Magadan.
“It's not cheap to go to another city.”
- Then training by the centers is organized locally. A certain number of trainers must apply through their regional federation. Many, by the way, do just that for optimizing funds. So do the clubs. For example, the Krasnodar Center trains license applicants in Grozny, Makhachkala, Vladikavkaz.
“Western colleagues do not have so many physical education institutions”
- Training for category D takes 5 days, C - 3 weeks. Are these terms sufficient to allow the trainer to work with the children?
- These are the standard UEFA programs that we adhere to. At the same time, the question is about increasing study hours. We have already started with licenses Pro, A ... Most likely, next year we will increase the number of hours for license C. Here it is understood that students with higher education in sports schools or teacher training departments of physical education will come to license C. In this we are strikingly different from our Western colleagues, where there are not so many physical education universities.
- Athletic universities - yes, but that's not all. You can come to coaching courses with any education.
- It is possible, but not everyone gets a license.
- From the side it seems that three weeks is a formality. I don’t understand how you can become a coach in this period.
“You won’t even become one, even if you get a PRO license and go through all the steps of training.” But for the initial stage, to get some knowledge ... After obtaining a license, C, most likely, you will be given the very youngest groups, and you begin to study. Every three years you confirm the license. Go to study for a license B-youthful, A-elite level in youth football. Gradually, you become a coach, for example, Spartak.
- It turns out that you learn from children?
- Not necessarily, they can give you a different age, appoint an assistant. In addition, you should not forget that at each step there are both entrance exams and final.
When compulsory training for a B-youth license was introduced for coaches of the RFPL and FNL academies and schools, about 300 coaches sat down at their desk in the first year, 60 percent of them did not receive a license. As for the categories of UEFA, it is regulated by professional football. The competition is approximately 1 to 5. That is, 100 applications are received, and 20 people take it.
- We want to have more qualified trainers, so we are interested in accepting as many trainers as possible. Why weed out four-fifths?
- It is impossible to simultaneously teach a hundred people. Also, coaches should consider that where they are going to work - in youth football or professional football.
“When they talk about free, they talk about freebies”
- Doesn’t it seem necessary for you to launch a program for the World Cup, allocate funding to open more centers in the regions and make training free?
- We already have some of the cheapest courses among European countries.
- You compare with European countries. What a standard of living here and there.
- It depends on what and with what to compare. This is a discussion point. In the West, everyone pays for themselves, with very decent money, and in our country schools often pay for coaches. I believe that when you pay yourself, you are more responsible in the learning process, and not when your uncle pays for you.
- And still. 15 thousand - decent money.
- We hold this bar for a certain number of years. It is a matter of identifying several segments - grassroots football, youth, professional ... Coaches are enough to prepare highly qualified football players. For the mass ... We are thinking of introducing distance learning, making it available anywhere in our country. We will try to implement this year, but all the same, for a practical exam, you will need to come to the center, or organize in a group and wait for the teacher to arrive.
- Do not you think that free training for a coach would lead to a football boom?
- Learning is never free. You know, when they talk about free, they talk about freebies. A freebie in our mentality lived, lives and will live, so this must be avoided.
- Yes, but why not use this mentality for good purposes?
- And now there is a boom. Trainers go to courses, all centers train trainers in sufficient quantities. Just because of the size of the country, it is difficult to control.
- Nevertheless, the football development program considers otherwise. There, the lack of qualified trainers is called one of the main problems and the most painful.
- Germany also lacks coaches. So I was in Germany - there are not enough trainers. In Spain, Italy is also not enough. They have the same network, the same training system, but the distances are different.